Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for a successful recovery.
Treatment may include:
Specific treatments to reduce blood ammonia levels
- Sodium phenylacetate and sodium benzoate
- Ondansetron (Zofran) for severe vomiting
If symptoms affect the brain, an arterial catheter may be inserted to monitor the pressure, carbon dioxide, and oxygen content of blood.
In stage 3 to 5 Reye’s syndrome, a “bolt” or other device may be used to monitor pressure within the brain.
In advanced stages, a ventilator may be used to assist with breathing.
A drainage procedure or decompression craniotomy may occasionally be needed to reduce pressure in the brain.