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PMS Causes & Risks


The cause is unknown. A combination of environmental, metabolic, and behavioral factors may make women vulnerable to the specific actions of hormonal changes linked to menstruation. A brain chemical, serotonin, may play a role in severe forms of PMS .

Risk Factors

These factors increase your chance of developing PMS. Tell your doctor if you have any of these risk factors:

  • Age: 25-40
  • Going off birth control pills
  • Major life stress
  • Depression

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2023 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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