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Bronchoplumonary Dysplasia Treatments


There is no specific treatment for BPD. Symptoms are treated to help the baby get strong and to allow the lungs to mature. Your child will most likely be treated in a hospital’s neonatal intensive care unit. He or she may need to stay in the hospital for an extended period of time.

Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for your child. Treatment options include the following:

Ventilator Support

A breathing machine is used until the baby can breathe well enough on his or her own.

Supplemental Oxygen

Once the baby no longer needs a ventilator, he or she may be given extra oxygen through a mask or a nasal tube. Treatment could continue for weeks or even months. Your baby might still need to receive oxygen after coming home from the hospital.


  • Antibiotics—to control infections
  • Bronchodilators—to make it easier for air to get in and out of the lungs
  • Corticosteroids—to reduce swelling and inflammation of the airways
  • Diuretics—to help remove extra fluid from the lungs
  • Surfactants—to help the baby’s lungs expand the way they should

Supplemental Feedings

An intravenous (IV) line that delivers food may be attached to a vein. Or, a feeding tube may be inserted into the stomach. Special formula might also be given to the baby. This extra nutrition should help the baby get stronger and healthier.

Physical Therapy

Special “exercises” help the baby’s muscles get stronger and help keep the lungs clear of mucus.

If your baby is diagnosed with BPD, follow your doctor's instructions.

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2023 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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