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Bronchoplumonary Dysplasia Causes & Risks


Several factors contribute to BPD, including:

  • Immature lungs
  • Baby receives a high concentrations of oxygen for long periods of time
  • Baby is put on a ventilator—a breathing machine—for an extended time period
  • Infections
  • Pneumonia

Risk Factors

A risk factor is something that increases your chances of getting a disease or condition. The following factors increase your child’s chances of developing BPD:

  • Collapsed lung
  • Premature birth
  • High blood pressure
  • Congenital heart disease (eg, patent ductus arteriosus)
  • Tracheomalacia
  • Subglottic stenosis
  • Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS)—a lung disorder often affecting premature babies that causes difficulty with breathing
  • Any severe illness requiring oxygen therapy and/or the use of a ventilator

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2023 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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