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September is National Gynecologic Cancer Awareness Month

By EmpowHER August 24, 2012 - 12:47pm

By MC Kelby

Medical experts define gynecologic cancer as any form of cancer that 
develops in the woman’s reproductive system. The main types of 
gynecological cancer include cervical cancer, ovarian cancer,
uterine cancer, vaginal cancer and vulvar cancer.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 
approximately 71,500 women are diagnosed with gynecologic cancer and
 approximately 26,500 women die from it annually.

The key to reducing the rates of this type of cancer is screening,
 early detection and recognizing possible symptoms of gynecologic 
cancers. This type of prevention leads to early diagnosis and timely

The CDC and the Women’s Cancer Network recommend the 
following prevention tips for gynecological cancer:

• Know your family health history and share it with your doctor. 
Inform your doctor of any and all relatives who have or died from
 gynecological cancer.

• Make healthy lifestyle choices. These include: exercise 
regularly, practice safe sex, eat a diet rich in fruits and
 vegetables, maintain a healthy weight and no smoking.

• Pay attention to your body. If you have any abnormal vaginal 
bleeding, or if you have any other signs and symptoms of gynecologic 
cancer for two weeks or longer contact your doctor immediately.  Many 
times the symptoms are caused by something other than cancer.

• Get regular Pap tests or Pap smears. This test is one of the most
 reliable and effective cancer screening tests available. Pap tests can
find precancerous changes on the cervix that can be treated to prevent
cervical cancer. A Pap test can also find cervical cancer early, when 
treatment is most effective. The only cancer the Pap test screens for 
is cervical cancer. The Pap test does NOT screen for ovarian,
uterine, vaginal or vulvar cancers.

• Get an HPV test with your Pap if you are 30 or older. The HPV test
looks for HPV infection – the virus that causes the cervical changes detected
through a Pap. Knowing your HPV status allows your physician to make
more informed decisions regarding your cervical health. This test may be
 used with the Pap test to screen for cervical cancer in women aged 30 
years and older. It also is used to provide more information when a 
Pap test has unclear results. If you have HPV, follow your doctor’s 
advice for further testing.

• Get the HPV vaccine if you are at an age when it is recommended. It 
protects against the types of HPV that most often cause cervical, vaginal and vulvar cancers. It is given in a series of three shots.
The vaccine is recommended for 11- and 12-year-old girls. (Note: The 
vaccine can be given to girls and boys beginning at age 9, according to the CDC and AAP websites.) It also is recommended for girls and women aged 13 through 26 years who did not get any or all of the shots when they were younger.


Announcement: Prostate and Gynecologic Cancer Awareness Month ---
September 2011. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved
 July 13, 2012, from

Committee. Gynecologic Cancers Background Information | Women's Cancer
Network. Foundation for Women's Cancer. Retrieved July 13, 2012, from

Gynecological Cancer. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 
Retrieved July 12, 2012, from

Reviewed on July 13, 2012

by Maryann Gromisch, RN

Edited by Jody Smith

For additional information on cervical cancer prevention and HPV testing, please visit www.theHPVtest.com.

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