Vertigo can be caused by a problem with the balance mechanisms of the inner ear, a problem with the brain, or a problem with the nerves that connect the brain to the middle ear.
Another cause of vertigo is labyrinthitis, or an inflammation of the system of canals and cavities within the inner ear. These cavities and canals contribute to our sense of balance. This condition can be caused by an infection. Even cold and flu can spread to this area, causing many issues including vertigo.
Vertigo is a sensation that everything around you is spinning or moving, which is usually caused by a problem in the inner ear, but can also be caused by vision problems. People with vertigo commonly feel things are moving when they are standing completely still and everything around them is still.