Most people with hiatal hernias have no symptoms.
Symptoms may occur when stomach acid moves up into the esophagus. This is known as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and can cause:
- Heartburn, especially after eating or lying down
- Pain or discomfort in the stomach, chest, or esophagus (swallowing tube)
- Throat irritation (frequent clearing of the throat)
- Chest pain
- Difficulty swallowing
- Bleeding from the stomach or esophagus
Because they often have no symptoms, hiatal hernias are sometimes only detected during a visit to the doctor for other ailments. A hiatal hernia is usually diagnosed with the following tests:
- Upper GI series —A series of x-rays of the upper digestive system taken after drinking a barium solution, to show the outline of the digestive system.
- Endoscopy —A camera mounted on a thin, lighted tube is inserted through the mouth into the esophagus or swallowing tube. At this time, a biopsy or sample of tissue may be taken to check for any complications, including:
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2023 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.