Doctors do not fully understand what causes celiac disease. Eating gluten seems to be involved. There is most likely a genetic factor. Patients with specific genes develop the disease after exposure to gluten. There is some evidence that earlier exposure in infancy causes more severe disease than later exposure.
These factors increase your chance of having celiac disease.
- Family members with celiac disease
History of another autoimmune disease, such as:
- Type 1 diabetes
- Autoimmune thyroid disease
- Dermatitis herpetiformis—a skin condition associated with celiac disease
- Rheumatoid arthritis
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