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Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Causes & Risks


The cause of AML is unknown. However, smoking after age 60 doubles the risk of this condition.

Risk Factors

The following factors increase your chance of developing AML:

The following risk factors are specific to childhood AML:

  • Having a brother or sister with leukemia
  • Race: Hispanic
  • Exposure to cigarette smoke or alcohol before birth
  • History of myelodysplastic syndrome or aplastic anemia
  • Previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy treatment
  • Exposure to ionizing radiation
  • Exposure to chemicals such as benzene
  • Certain genetic disorders, such as Down’s syndrome

Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Copyright © 2020 EBSCO Publishing All rights reserved.

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